How To Setup AWS S3 – Detailed Beginner’s Guide

Setup AWS S3

AWS S3 is one of the most popular services from Amazon and it is used very widely – whether it is to store large amount of data or to host a static website. This article explains creation, configuration and management of the AWS S3, which will be ideal for a beginner.

What is AWS S3?

S3 stands for Simple Storage Service and is Amazon’s storage platform. It is an object based storage system and you can upload any type of files – big or small. It cannot be used as a drive for an operating system or a database for example. You can store files as large as 5TB in S3. It offers unlimited storage – whether it is the total volume of data or the number of objects you can store.

How do we work with S3? It is pretty straightforward. Login to your AWS management console and search for S3 in the top search bar.

Search for S3 1

Yes! The AWS management console has the dark mode in Beta. If you want to change to dark mode, click on ‘Settings’ under your account name, in the top right hand corner.

Settings in the account section

You will get the option to edit the display settings. Click the edit button on the right hand side and select the dark mode.

Change to dark mode

What is an S3 Bucket?

The S3 bucket is a container for objects stored. Think of it as a Windows folder on your machine. You can store any number of objects in a bucket and can have up to 100 buckets per account by default. The easiest way to interact with the S3 bucket is using the browser.

The S3 has a universal namespace – not within your tenant, but the whole of AWS. Think of it as your tenant name if you are an Azure professional, the name is unique across the world. Similarly, you need to input a unique name for your bucket during creation.

The S3 bucket has as the namespace. 

If your region is us-east-1 and the bucket name is cloudiffic, your bucket url will be

How To Create An S3 Bucket

Creating an S3 bucket is a straight forward process. Login to the AWS management console, search for S3 (you can also add S3 to your favourites). You will be given a list of all the buckets you currently have and an option to create one.

AWS S3 portal

Click on ‘Create Bucket’ button to start the process.

Create bucket button

Enter a unique name for the bucket. If the name is already in use, AWS will prompt you to enter a new name. Select the region where your bucket will be hosted. I will stick to us-east-1. You can copy settings from an existing bucket if you have one. We will go with the default options now and I will explain the various options later in the article.

Create bucket enter name
Bucket creation settings 1

Click on ‘create bucket’ button at the end of the page.

Create bucket button 1

The bucket will get created in a few seconds.

Bucket created

Once the bucket has been created, you can upload your files into it using the ‘upload’ button. The data in S3 is stored safely across multiple datacentres.

Upload files in S3

Server Side Encryption In S3

There are a number of ways to secure the data in S3. First one is server-side encryption – the admin can set default encryption on a bucket to encrypt all new objects stored in the bucket. To enable server-side encryption, select the ‘properties’ tab of your S3 bucket.

S3 bucket properties

Click the ‘edit’ button against the Default Encryption option.

Edit default encryption

Select ‘enabled’ and save the changes. Easiest option is to stick with AWS managed keys.

Enable server side encryption

Access Control Lists (ACLs) In S3

ACLs helps an admin to define which AWS accounts or groups are granted access & the level of access. You can attach S3 ACLs to individual objects within a bucket. Think of it like the file level permissions in the Windows world.

ACLs in S3

You can use the edit button and add / modify permissions on the file level.

Bucket Versioning

Versioning can be enabled on the bucket level, so that S3 keeps all the previous versions of your objects. Click on the ‘properties’ tab of your bucket.

S3 bucket properties 1

Navigate to the ‘Bucket Versioning’ section, click the edit button and enable versioning.

Edit bucket versioning

Hosting Static Website On S3

S3 can be used to host static websites, the ones that have .html files. They cannot be used if the website is dynamic, for example that requires database connections. Organizations do make use of S3 for hosting static websites especially if there is going to be a large number of requests.

The benefit of S3 is that it will scale automatically depending upon the demand. In order to setup your bucket to host a static site, the option needs to be enabled. You will also need atleast an html file (your homepage) to make it work.

Head over to the ‘properties’ tab of the bucket.

S3 bucket properties 2

Scroll all the way down & click on the ‘edit’ button against the last option ‘Static Website Hosting’.

Edit static website hosting S3

Click ‘enable’ and fill in your homepage (index.html) and error page file names. Make sure to upload these files to the bucket and make them public before the website displays it to the outside world.

Edit enter hosting settings S3

Once the static hosting is enabled, S3 will provide a public url to access the website.

Public website url in S3

We have only gone through the basic options with AWS S3, but this will definitely be a good starting point on which we can build on. Let me know if you have any questions in the comments section.

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Disable Windows Copilot Using Intune

Windows Copilot is Microsoft’s take on making life easier for Windows users using the power of AI. This article explains how to disable the feature using Intune, if your organization is not ready yet to walk into the AI world.

Disable Windows Copilot Using Intune

We need to create a Configuration Profile for Windows devices in the Intune portal to disable Windows Copilot. Below are the steps that we need to create the profile.

Launch the Intune Portal and login as a Global Admin or Intune Admin.

Navigate to Devices -> Windows -> Configuration Profiles.

Windows Configuration Profile Intune

Click on Create -> New Policy.

Select Windows 10 & later as the platform and Settings Catalog as the profile type & click on the Create button.

Settings Catalog Intune CoPilot

Give the policy a meaningful name & description and click Next.

Policy Name Disable CoPilot

Within the configuration settings, click on the Add Settings option.

Add Settings Disable CoPilot

Search for ‘copilot’, Windows AI will come up as the category. Click on Windows AI and the Turn off Copilot in Windows (User) setting will come up. Check the box and click Next.

Turn off CoPilot Setting Intune
Turn off CoPilot Setting Intune Summary 1

Specify scope tags if required and click Next.

Select tags CoPilot Intune

Select who this policy should apply to in the Assignments section. I have selected to add all users. If you want to test the setting, you can create a test group and select that group here.

Similarly, you can also exclude certain group from disabling AI (say IT team) if required.

Add all users disable copilot intune

A summary of selected settings will be displayed. Click on the Create button to setup the policy to disable Windows Copilot.

Create configuration policy disable CoPilot Intune 1

Wait for the replication to complete in the cloud backend and login to your machine. Your chatty Copilot should now be disabled.

Disable Windows Copilot On Windows 11 Pro

Follow the steps below to disable Copilot on a personal Windows 11 Pro machine (say your own laptop).

Search for ‘group’ in Windows 11 and click on Edit Group Policy option.

Group Policy Windows 11 Disable Copilot

Navigate to User Configuration -> Administrative Templates -> Windows Components -> Windows Copilot.

Windows Copilot GPO setting

Double click on Turn off Windows Copilot setting on the right pane.

Select Enabled and click OK.

Turn off copilot gpo Windows 11 Pro 1

Close the Group Policy Editor. This will disable Windows Copilot on a Windows 11 Pro machine.


We have learned to disable Windows Copilot using Intune and Group Policy on Windows 11 machines.

Please let me know if you have any questions in the comments section.

Promote Windows Server 2025 To Domain Controller

Domain controllers are the backbone of any Active Directory domains in the Microsoft world. Any Windows server can be promoted to be a domain controller. In this article, we will go through the steps of promoting a Windows 2025 Server to be a domain controller.

Windows Server 2025

The latest version of the server operating system has been named Windows Server 2025. You can start with a 2025 Server & create an AD domain or you can promote a member server that is already a part of a domain.

The Windows Server 2025 needs to be installed on a machine before it can be promoted to be a domain controller.

Promote Windows Server 2025 To Domain Controller

If you have been working with Windows servers long enough, everything starts with the Server Manager app. Promoting a server to a domain controller is no different.

Launch ‘Server Manager’ & click on Add roles and features.

Windows 2025 Server Manager

You land on the summary page that explains what is required to run this wizard successfully. Click Next.

Windows Server 2025 Add Remove Roles

Select Role-based or Feature-based installation and click Next.

Windows Server 2025 Role Based Install

Select the server that needs to be promoted and click Next.

Windows Server 2025 Destination Server

Select Active Directory Domain Services (second option) and click on Add Features.

Windows Server 2025 AD Domain Services

Go with the default options for features that need to be installed.

Windows Server 2025 AD Domain Services Features

A summary of AD DS pops up next, click next to continue.

Windows Server 2025 AD DS

Select Restart the server automatically if required and click Install.

Windows Server 2025 AD Restart Server

You get to keep an eye on the progress of the installation.

Windows Server 2025 AD Install Progress

Once the role has been installed, you will find an exclamation mark on the top right corner of the Server Manager. Click on that and select Promote this server to be a domain controller.

Windows Server 2025 AD Install Continue

You get an error straight away (which you have never seen before) – Error determining whether the target server is already a domain controller. Role change is in progress or this computer needs a restart.

Windows Server 2025 Domain Controller Setup Error

We never needed to restart the server after installing the role in the DC promotion process. Given that it is an insider build of Server 2025, I am hoping that this will get fixed before the public release.

Restart the server, launch Server Manager and click on the Promote this server to be a domain controller option again.

Windows Server 2025 AD Install Continue 1

I am setting up a brand new AD forest and hence I select the third option (Add a new forest) and enter my root domain name.

Windows Server 2025 Add a forest

Next window brings the option to set your forest & domain functional level and the DSRM password. In the insider build, it shows what looks like a variable (the Windows server version on which the you are working).

Windows Server 2025 Forest Functional Level

You can leave the default options in the DNS options wizard and click next.

Windows Server 2025 DNS Options

Enter the netbios name of the domain in the next window and click next.

Windows Server 2025 Netbios Domain Name

You can stick with the default paths for the AD database, log & sysvol folder or pick a location of your choice.

Windows Server 2025 AD Paths

Review the selections that you have made so far and click next.

Windows Server 2025 Options Review

Wait for the green check mark on the prerequisites page and click next.

Windows Server 2025 Pre reqs Check

Click Install in the final window & wait for the magic to happen. Once the machine gets restarted (which it will do automatically), you will have a brand new domain controller based on Windows Server 2025.

Windows Server 2025 AD Snap In


Promoting a Server 2025 to a domain controller follows pretty much the same steps as previous operating systems. The Insider build has few errors that needs to be fixed, but hey, it is an insider build!

Please let me know if you have any questions in the comments section.

Install Windows Server 2025 – Full Guide

Microsoft has released an insider preview of it’s next server operating system named Windows Server 2025. We will have a look at the installation steps involved in setting up a 2025 server.

Windows Server 2025

Microsoft has gone with the same look and feel of Windows 11 operating system in it’s current server operating system – Windows Server 2025. As the product is in insider preview, there might be slight changes before it hits the public shelves.

It is refreshing to see a ‘modern’ feel in the installation process of a server operating system. Gone are the days where the installation of a consumer based OS felt much better compared to it’s server counterpart.

Installing Windows Server 2025

Let’s take a look at the steps involved in setting up a Windows Server 2025 machine. First step is to download the ISO from the Windows Insider portal.

Next step is to boot the virtual / physical machine from the ISO which will kick off the installation of Server 2025.

First option to select is the language settings. Pick the one based which relates to you and click next.

Windows Server 2025 language settings

Select the keyboard settings in the next screen and click next.

Windows Server 2025 keyboard

You get the option to select whether you want to Install Windows Server or Repair the installation. The bottom left corner also has the option to go to the previous version of setup.

Windows Server 2025 setup option

You are asked to enter the product key, which is available in the Windows Insider portal.

Windows Server 2025 product key

Next option to choose is the type of image you want to install – Windows 2025 core or full blown desktop experience.

Windows Server 2025 Desktop

You need to agree to the licensing terms to move forward in the next step.

Windows Server 2025 Agreement License

Select the partition on which the server OS should be installed and click next. You also have the option to slice the partitions the way you see fit in the same screen.

Windows Server 2025 Disk Partitions

The Ready to Install window comes up, click the install button.

Windows Server 2025 Install 1

Installation of Server 2025 is underway and you get to see the progress.

Windows Server 2025 Install Progress

Once the installation is complete, you need to enter an administrator password of your choice to finalize the setup.

Windows Server 2025 Password

And there you go! You see a Windows 11 login screen staring at you ;-)

Windows Server 2025 Login Screen

After logging in, you get to set the options around sending diagnostic data to Microsoft, which I always set as ‘required only’.

Windows Server 2025 Diagnostic Data

The Windows Server 2025 desktop looks similar, doesn’t it? ;-)

Windows Server 2025 Desktop Feel scaled

Now that the server is up and running, you can promote it to be a domain controller.


The Windows Server 2025 has the same look and feel as a Windows 11 operating system. The installation options also provide that modern ‘feel’ and makes it a bit soothing to the eyes!

Please let me know if you have any questions in the comments section.