Where Is Export/Import Cmdlets In Exchange 2010?

MS Exchange

Where is Export / Import-Mailbox cmdlet in 2010 RC? I had posted an article covering the GUI export/import functionality in 2010 Beta. The new 2010 RC doesn’t have the option to export/import in the exchange console. I was a bit disappointed to see this feature taken off in 2010 RC, after having it in the beta version. Anyway, having found out that it is no longer in the console, I fired up the exchange shell and went for export-mailbox cmdlet. To my surprise, I couldn’t run the command, nor could I even find it with Get-Command *export*. My experience was the same with import-mailbox cmdlet as well.

Neither do you have the cmdlets in shell nor the options in GUI. So, how would you export a mailbox or import a PST?

I am sure that all of you have heard that the security model has been changed in 2010 as well, which now use Role Based Access Control (RBAC).

In order to see/run export/import cmdlets in the shell, you should be given explicit permissions. No user is allowed to run the command by default. The user who wants to run the cmdlets should be given “Mailbox Import Export” management role.

Let me explain with an example. I want to give my account rights to run export/import cmdlets. The cmdlet I need is

New-ManagementRoleAssignment –Role “Mailbox Import Export” –User “Rajith”


You can also create a group and give the group the necessary access. This way, you only need to add any new users who wants this permission to the correct group using AD Users and Computers (thereby avoiding the shell)!

New-ManagementRoleAssignment –Role “Mailbox Import Export” –Group “MailboxAccessGroup”

The default administrator account with which I installed Exchange 2010 in the first place didn’t have the cmdlets available. I had to run

New-ManagementRoleAssignment –Role “Mailbox Import Export” –User administrator

Once the command was run, export and import cmdlets were made available to me!


Now, I run the export mailbox cmdlet & here comes the error message.


I tried running the same command after installing Outlook 2010 32-bit edition, but got the same error. So, you need a 64-bit Outlook 2010 along with 2010 management tools to run export/import cmdlets. Once I installed the 64-bit Outlook 2010, I was able to export the mailbox.



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  1. Noticed a typeo – when I ran this I got an error:

    New-ManagementRoleAssignment –Role “Mailbox Import Export” –Group “MailboxAccessGroup”

    works with a correction to:

    New-ManagementRoleAssignment –Role “Mailbox Import Export” –SecurityGroup “MailboxAccessGroup”


  2. for our companies data retention policy I had been using ex-merge on our old 2003 server to export PSTs of all users Deleted Items and Dumpster Items. From what i've read, 2010 won't export dumpster data at all.. so i'm at a loss already. Hope grabbing psts of all users via one cmd is not as complicated as it seems from what i've read. I'd hate to have to start exporting (merge not archive) each employees deleted items one at a time.

  3. Hello,

    I think I did all the things to do for getting the export/import cmdlets running. But, I still don't get the cmdlets. I installed Outlook 2010 x64 on the Exchange Server, I added groups and users to the "Mailbox Import Export" Role, but the cmdltes are missing. I got two Window 2008 R2 Servers with Ex2010 SP1.Any ideas?

  4. Hi Rajith,

    we are using PostFix email server and i have setup an exchange 2010 server. the PostFix puts all mailboxs in mbox format i need to find a way to get them into exchange.

  5. Hi Patrick,

    What mail system do you have? Which Exchange version are you moving to? Easiest will be to convert the mailbox into PSTs (if possible) and import it into Exchange.

    If your mail server is Lotus Notes, Microsoft has a free tool called Transporter Suite. That will only work against verions upto 2007 (2010 is not supported).

  6. There is a bug in Exchange 2010 which requires the modification of the Exchange database object security settings in ADSI edit if you are attempting to perform a single server stand-alone installation. I.E. the single server will hold all the Exchange roles (Hub, Cas, MBX). This is in addition to a few other basic items.

    1. The System account needs to have the following permissions:
    – Read
    – Administer Information Store
    – Allow Impersonation to Personal Exchange
    – Create Named Properties in Information Store
    – Open Mail Send Queue
    – Receive As
    – Send As
    – View Information Store Status

    2. Need to execute < New-ManagementRoleAssignment -Role "Mailbox Import Export" -user username > from the Exchange Pshell.

    3. Outlook 2010 x64 needs to be installed locally on the server performing the Import/Exports.

  7. Hi Andy,

    Best approach will be to use export cmdlets and import the PST.

    I haven't done it myself, but you should be able to move the mailbox back to 2003 using the New-MoveRequest cmdlets. Move-Mailbox cmdlet doesn't work in 2010 anyway.

    Let me know how it goes. Thanks.

  8. Once the permission has been applied, you need to wait for atleast 2 hours for exchange to pick it up. Or you can restart the information store service for immediate response.

    Do you have Outlook 2010 64 bit edition and 2010 management tools installed? Are you using Exchange Shell, which you should use or normal Windows Powershell?

  9. Error was found for Name Surname (name@domain.com) because: Error occurred in the step: Moving messages. Fai
    led to copy messages to the destination mailbox store with error:
    MAPI or an unspecified service provider.
    ID no: 00000000-0000-00000000, error code: -1056749164
    + CategoryInfo : InvalidOperation: (0:Int32) [Export-Mailbox], RecipientTaskException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : 8C360F11,Microsoft.Exchange.Management.RecipientTasks.ExportMailbox

    Googled and tried to add FullAccess to the administrator account with this cmdlet:
    "Get-Mailbox | Add-MailboxPermission -User "Administrator" -AccessRights FullAccess"
    but I still get the error above.

  10. Good one. Great finding.. I would be intresting to see what are other roles which are not available by default, In some way it is better not to have too many rights even for Administrator by default.


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Disable Windows Copilot Using Intune

Windows Copilot is Microsoft’s take on making life easier for Windows users using the power of AI. This article explains how to disable the feature using Intune, if your organization is not ready yet to walk into the AI world.

Disable Windows Copilot Using Intune

We need to create a Configuration Profile for Windows devices in the Intune portal to disable Windows Copilot. Below are the steps that we need to create the profile.

Launch the Intune Portal and login as a Global Admin or Intune Admin.

Navigate to Devices -> Windows -> Configuration Profiles.

Windows Configuration Profile Intune

Click on Create -> New Policy.

Select Windows 10 & later as the platform and Settings Catalog as the profile type & click on the Create button.

Settings Catalog Intune CoPilot

Give the policy a meaningful name & description and click Next.

Policy Name Disable CoPilot

Within the configuration settings, click on the Add Settings option.

Add Settings Disable CoPilot

Search for ‘copilot’, Windows AI will come up as the category. Click on Windows AI and the Turn off Copilot in Windows (User) setting will come up. Check the box and click Next.

Turn off CoPilot Setting Intune
Turn off CoPilot Setting Intune Summary 1

Specify scope tags if required and click Next.

Select tags CoPilot Intune

Select who this policy should apply to in the Assignments section. I have selected to add all users. If you want to test the setting, you can create a test group and select that group here.

Similarly, you can also exclude certain group from disabling AI (say IT team) if required.

Add all users disable copilot intune

A summary of selected settings will be displayed. Click on the Create button to setup the policy to disable Windows Copilot.

Create configuration policy disable CoPilot Intune 1

Wait for the replication to complete in the cloud backend and login to your machine. Your chatty Copilot should now be disabled.

Disable Windows Copilot On Windows 11 Pro

Follow the steps below to disable Copilot on a personal Windows 11 Pro machine (say your own laptop).

Search for ‘group’ in Windows 11 and click on Edit Group Policy option.

Group Policy Windows 11 Disable Copilot

Navigate to User Configuration -> Administrative Templates -> Windows Components -> Windows Copilot.

Windows Copilot GPO setting

Double click on Turn off Windows Copilot setting on the right pane.

Select Enabled and click OK.

Turn off copilot gpo Windows 11 Pro 1

Close the Group Policy Editor. This will disable Windows Copilot on a Windows 11 Pro machine.


We have learned to disable Windows Copilot using Intune and Group Policy on Windows 11 machines.

Please let me know if you have any questions in the comments section.

Promote Windows Server 2025 To Domain Controller

Domain controllers are the backbone of any Active Directory domains in the Microsoft world. Any Windows server can be promoted to be a domain controller. In this article, we will go through the steps of promoting a Windows 2025 Server to be a domain controller.

Windows Server 2025

The latest version of the server operating system has been named Windows Server 2025. You can start with a 2025 Server & create an AD domain or you can promote a member server that is already a part of a domain.

The Windows Server 2025 needs to be installed on a machine before it can be promoted to be a domain controller.

Promote Windows Server 2025 To Domain Controller

If you have been working with Windows servers long enough, everything starts with the Server Manager app. Promoting a server to a domain controller is no different.

Launch ‘Server Manager’ & click on Add roles and features.

Windows 2025 Server Manager

You land on the summary page that explains what is required to run this wizard successfully. Click Next.

Windows Server 2025 Add Remove Roles

Select Role-based or Feature-based installation and click Next.

Windows Server 2025 Role Based Install

Select the server that needs to be promoted and click Next.

Windows Server 2025 Destination Server

Select Active Directory Domain Services (second option) and click on Add Features.

Windows Server 2025 AD Domain Services

Go with the default options for features that need to be installed.

Windows Server 2025 AD Domain Services Features

A summary of AD DS pops up next, click next to continue.

Windows Server 2025 AD DS

Select Restart the server automatically if required and click Install.

Windows Server 2025 AD Restart Server

You get to keep an eye on the progress of the installation.

Windows Server 2025 AD Install Progress

Once the role has been installed, you will find an exclamation mark on the top right corner of the Server Manager. Click on that and select Promote this server to be a domain controller.

Windows Server 2025 AD Install Continue

You get an error straight away (which you have never seen before) – Error determining whether the target server is already a domain controller. Role change is in progress or this computer needs a restart.

Windows Server 2025 Domain Controller Setup Error

We never needed to restart the server after installing the role in the DC promotion process. Given that it is an insider build of Server 2025, I am hoping that this will get fixed before the public release.

Restart the server, launch Server Manager and click on the Promote this server to be a domain controller option again.

Windows Server 2025 AD Install Continue 1

I am setting up a brand new AD forest and hence I select the third option (Add a new forest) and enter my root domain name.

Windows Server 2025 Add a forest

Next window brings the option to set your forest & domain functional level and the DSRM password. In the insider build, it shows what looks like a variable (the Windows server version on which the you are working).

Windows Server 2025 Forest Functional Level

You can leave the default options in the DNS options wizard and click next.

Windows Server 2025 DNS Options

Enter the netbios name of the domain in the next window and click next.

Windows Server 2025 Netbios Domain Name

You can stick with the default paths for the AD database, log & sysvol folder or pick a location of your choice.

Windows Server 2025 AD Paths

Review the selections that you have made so far and click next.

Windows Server 2025 Options Review

Wait for the green check mark on the prerequisites page and click next.

Windows Server 2025 Pre reqs Check

Click Install in the final window & wait for the magic to happen. Once the machine gets restarted (which it will do automatically), you will have a brand new domain controller based on Windows Server 2025.

Windows Server 2025 AD Snap In


Promoting a Server 2025 to a domain controller follows pretty much the same steps as previous operating systems. The Insider build has few errors that needs to be fixed, but hey, it is an insider build!

Please let me know if you have any questions in the comments section.

Install Windows Server 2025 – Full Guide

Microsoft has released an insider preview of it’s next server operating system named Windows Server 2025. We will have a look at the installation steps involved in setting up a 2025 server.

Windows Server 2025

Microsoft has gone with the same look and feel of Windows 11 operating system in it’s current server operating system – Windows Server 2025. As the product is in insider preview, there might be slight changes before it hits the public shelves.

It is refreshing to see a ‘modern’ feel in the installation process of a server operating system. Gone are the days where the installation of a consumer based OS felt much better compared to it’s server counterpart.

Installing Windows Server 2025

Let’s take a look at the steps involved in setting up a Windows Server 2025 machine. First step is to download the ISO from the Windows Insider portal.

Next step is to boot the virtual / physical machine from the ISO which will kick off the installation of Server 2025.

First option to select is the language settings. Pick the one based which relates to you and click next.

Windows Server 2025 language settings

Select the keyboard settings in the next screen and click next.

Windows Server 2025 keyboard

You get the option to select whether you want to Install Windows Server or Repair the installation. The bottom left corner also has the option to go to the previous version of setup.

Windows Server 2025 setup option

You are asked to enter the product key, which is available in the Windows Insider portal.

Windows Server 2025 product key

Next option to choose is the type of image you want to install – Windows 2025 core or full blown desktop experience.

Windows Server 2025 Desktop

You need to agree to the licensing terms to move forward in the next step.

Windows Server 2025 Agreement License

Select the partition on which the server OS should be installed and click next. You also have the option to slice the partitions the way you see fit in the same screen.

Windows Server 2025 Disk Partitions

The Ready to Install window comes up, click the install button.

Windows Server 2025 Install 1

Installation of Server 2025 is underway and you get to see the progress.

Windows Server 2025 Install Progress

Once the installation is complete, you need to enter an administrator password of your choice to finalize the setup.

Windows Server 2025 Password

And there you go! You see a Windows 11 login screen staring at you ;-)

Windows Server 2025 Login Screen

After logging in, you get to set the options around sending diagnostic data to Microsoft, which I always set as ‘required only’.

Windows Server 2025 Diagnostic Data

The Windows Server 2025 desktop looks similar, doesn’t it? ;-)

Windows Server 2025 Desktop Feel scaled

Now that the server is up and running, you can promote it to be a domain controller.


The Windows Server 2025 has the same look and feel as a Windows 11 operating system. The installation options also provide that modern ‘feel’ and makes it a bit soothing to the eyes!

Please let me know if you have any questions in the comments section.